cities and creative course Essay

Cities plus the Creative Course

Richard Florida∗

Carnegie Mellon University

Cities and locations have very long captured the imagination of sociologists, those who claim to know the most about finance, and urbanists. From Alfred Marshall to Robert Park and Anne Jacobs, towns have been viewed as cauldrons of diversity and difference and since fonts pertaining to creativity and innovation. However until lately, social researchers concerned with local growth and development have focused mainly on the position of firms in metropolitan areas, and particularly on how these firms generate location decisions and to what extent they concentrate together in agglomerations or groupings. This short article summarizes recent improvements in our thinking about cities and communities, and does so specifically in light of themes advanced in my just lately published book, The Climb of the Innovative Class, which in turn focuses on variety and creative imagination as basic drivers of innovation and regional and national development. This distinctive line of work even more suggests the advantages of some conceptual refocusing and broadening to account for the positioning decisions of people as opposed to those of firms because sources of regional and national economic progress. In doing so , this article wants to15325 spur larger commentary and debate for the critical capabilities of towns and parts in 21st-century creative capitalism.

" Superb cities have invariably been melting cooking pots of competitions and cultures. Out of the stunning and delicate interactions of which they have been the centers, there have come the newer breeds and the more recent social types. ”

Park, Burgess, and McKenzie (1925)

From the seminal work of Alfred Marshall to the 1920 studies simply by Robert Park to the pioneering writings of Jane Jacobs, cities have got captured the imagination of sociologists, those who claim to know the most about finance, and urbanists. For Park and especially intended for Jacobs, metropolitan areas were cauldrons of diversity and difference, creativity and innovation. But over the last several decades, college students have for some reason forgotten this basic, underlying theme of urbanism. For the past two decades, I have done research for the social and economic features of towns and regions. Generally speaking, the conventional wisdom during my field of regional creation has been that companies, firms, and companies drive regional innovation and growth, and so an almost distinctive focus in the literature for the location and, more recently, the clustering of firms and industries. By a policy point of view, this fundamental conceptual way has undergirded policies that seek to inspire growth by providing firms financial incentives and so on. More recently, college students such as Robert Putnam include focused on the social functions of local communities, communities, and cities, while others, such as the downtown sociologist Terry Clark as well as the economist Edward cullen Glasear, possess turned all their ∗ Correspondence

should be tackled to Rich Florida, H. John Heinz School of Public Insurance plan and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, 4800 Forbes Opportunity, Pittsburgh, PA 15213; fl[email protected] edu.

Metropolis & Community 2: 1 March 2003

C American Sociological Affiliation, 1307 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20005-4701



focus toward man capital, intake, and cities as way of living and entertainment districts.

This short article summarizes latest advances in our thinking about metropolitan areas and communities, and does therefore particularly because of styles advanced within my recently released book The Rise in the Creative Course (Florida, 2002). In doing therefore , I hope to spur wider commentary and debate around the critical capabilities of towns and areas in 21st-century creative capitalism. WHY GEOGRAPHY IS CERTAINLY NOT DEAD

Possibly the greatest of all of the modern common myths about cities is " geography is dead. ” With the Internet and modern telecommunication and transportation devices, the thinking goes, it truly is no longer essential for people who work together to be together, so they will not be. Yet this end of geography theme has been with us because the turn of the 19th hundred years, when professionals predicted that technologies...

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